|View of the large structure with its oblong rooms for storage (?) indicated by the red arrows (ashlar walls in white), located between the northwest part of the Hellenistic city wall and the North Necropolis|
|Photos courtesy Sagalassos Archaeological Research Project. Click on images to enlarge.||
|by Marc Waelkens|
Geophysical Survey: June 29-July 1, 2004
The Slovenian team under the direction of Branco Music (University of Ljubljana) started its third season of geophysical research based on electrical resistance or conductivity according to the terrain, and on geomagnetism at Sagalassos. This is not an easy task as the whole approach constantly has to be adapted to the local topographical and subsurface conditions, with lots of tile and brick, or limestone ashlars causing noise and making interpretations sometimes very difficult. This season, we've set the following priorities:
- the parking area: a rather flat area immediately east of the Roman Baths may be the site of a future extension of the parking area for our visitors, so this zone was studied first. Different techniques provided a clear image of a rather square structure jutting out of the east wall of the bath complex. At the same time, two parallel long walls with the same orientation as the large urban villa being excavated to the north, could be identified farther east.
- the zone around the colonnaded street linking the South Gate of the city to the Lower Agora. This must have been the most fashionable street of Sagalassos, going back to a southward extension of the city beyond its Hellenistic walls in Early Imperial times. As it connected the shrine of Apollo Klarios and the Flavian imperial house to the large neokoros (or provincial) sanctuary for the divine Hadrian and for Antoninus Pius, built in the middle of the second century, it must also have functioned as a kind of procession street during imperial festivals. Many dedications to emperors were set up along its sides, and doorways of various shops emerge from the surface behind the second-century colonnade. Here the results at first sight confirm the picture of a main avenue, intersected at right angles by smaller streets or stenopoi leading to other north-south axes or plateiai. Another picture that seems to emerge, is that of streets lined with shops. This area of the urban plan seems to have a grid-like layout, and only one large rectangular structure with a completely different orientation is visible.
- a third zone is between the northwestern section of the third-century B.C. Hellenistic city walls and the northern rock-cut necropolis. The aim of our research was to establish, whether or not the Imperial city expanded beyond its Hellenistic walls here, as it did toward the east and the south. Very close to the current caravan road leading to Isparta, immediately north of the city walls, the remains of a very large rectangular structure of ca. 25 by 15 m, divided into oblong spaces, which look like storage rooms, became visible. Perhaps it could be a granary or related structure.
- the activities in the Potters' Quarter east of the theater will continue in the weeks ahead.