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July 2003-July 2010InteractiveDig Sagalassos
Peter Eich (left) and Werner Eck (right) at work on the site

Photos courtesy Sagalassos Archaeological Research Project. Click on images to enlarge.
by Marc Waelkens

Epigraphical Studies: July 27-August 8, 2005

During part of last week and the beginning of this week, Werner Eck and Peter Eich (both University of Cologne, Germany) resumed their epigraphical study at Sagalassos. Among the various texts that were studied, some merit a specific attention. First of all, we seem to have a second, be it fragmentary, inscription for the emperor Caligula (r. A.D. 37-41). The first was a partly erased one on one of the honorific arches on the Upper Agora; the type of monument to which the new one belongs still needs to be identified. The statue basis with the Latin dedication to an unknown emperor set up by Attius Cornelianus, the governor of the province Pamphylia, could be dated to the timeframe of A.D. 278-308, when Pamphylia had been separated from the previously double province of Lycia-Pamphylia.

Another text, already published by Count Lanckoronski (1892) and found along the North-South Colonnaded Street could be corrected. In fact, the text does not refer to the emperor Caracalla (r. A.D. 211-217) and his mother Julia Domna, as Lanckoronski thought, but to the emperor Alexander Severus (A.D. 222-235) and his mother Julia Mamaea, whose names had been erased after their double murder in the early spring of A.D. 235 at Mainz (Germany). The text was part of a building inscription. As it is carved on a stone with a length of ca. 2 m, a width of ca. 1.30 m and a height of 0.44 m, it cannot have been carried away over a long distance. It must belong to a building that stood at or near the North-South Colonnaded Street.

A dedication to the Theai hagnai epèkooi (the holy, listening goddesses) by a Sagalassian woman called Briseis, who is also known as priestess of Cybele from an inscription found in the southern part of the Sagalassian territory, could be completed. Previously, two fragments of it had been recovered on a cilindrical monument (carrying the Christian graffito: Eis Theos or There is only one god) reused as a cover of the drainage system, which evacuated the overflow of the Antonine Nymphaeum on the Upper Agora. A third fragment with the head of a goddess in the upper part of an aedicula (tabernacle) could now be identified as part of the same monument. It showed that the original monument was no altar, but a column of at least 1.50 m high, probably originally erected in a shrine.

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