Venetian cheese dairy
The 2010 season is about to start! According to our current plan, we will investigate three areas. Two in the Central Building and one at the Venetian cheese dairy. The geomagnetic prospection carried out three years ago had revealed more rooms at the north and west side of the Ceramics Workshop complex. In a previous season this area had been re-investigated and fragments of a structure resembling a kiln were revealed. Our goal is to continue this investigation, to reveal the buried walls and possibly to determine if these structures are outbuildings to the workshop or if they had another use. The other area which will be investigated is the so-called Area 3 from the previous year, where we found the stone walls identified by the geomagnetic prospection. The purpose of the excavation at this part is to move deeper in these rooms (see Field Notes 2009: Weeks 3 & 4) and understand their use. The excavation at the cheese dairy is to investigate probable Mycenaean remains which were initially identified in 1989, when Mycenaean pottery and walls were found after the restoration of the dairy. The geomagnetic prospection in 2007 revealed rectangular structures, and as a consequence, our goal this season is to determine if these buildings were houses or had another use.
Area 1 of the archaeological site is located at the highest point of Zominthos hill. The main aim of the excavation here is to explore and further reveal the Central Building of the complex. According to the geomagnetic prospection of the site carried out in 2007, the area conventionally named “Room 29,” which is oblong, about 20m. long and 6.5m. wide, is divided by two walls into three rooms. Although two walls of non-Minoan but rather of much later date, were revealed in last year’s investigations, a third strong wall about 4.5m. from the western external wall of the building has appeared. This wall is assumed to be Minoan in date. In contrast some sherds of the upper layers seem to be Roman in date, which may give the chronology of the construction of the two walls that were uncovered last year. At the same time efforts are being made to reveal the northern and western walls of the Central Building by moving the fallen blocks and clearing the soil between and beneath them. If the estimations are correct, the finds up to now indicate that Zominthos Central Building, more than 15 centuries after its initial abandonment, was reused during the Roman period. At that time, it accommodated the people who used the existing Room 29, and who built two transversal walls to divide the area into smaller rooms. The excavation during the following weeks will possibly reveal the uses of this area and will give a clearer picture about the architecture and the later additions to the Central Building.
In 1989, along with the restoration of an old–probably of Venetian date–cheese dairy southwest of and close to Zominthos’ spring, an excavation was conducted bringing to light the remains of a building or buildings of Mycenaean age. This year the investigation in this site continues.
A geomagnetic prospection has showed a square building east of the old cheese dairy. The excavation aims to reveal, if possible, walls or–even better–a full plan of this structure. With this in mind, we have designed an excavation grid to cover at least this acreage, which is approximately 144m2.
Up till now we have been excavating three trenches with interesting finds. They do not yet give a full picture, but there is obviously a long wall, directed on the E-W axis, and also parts of three others vertical to the former. These are most likely of Mycenaean age, as some of the sherds indicate. In the same layer burnt stones are found, it is though too soon to reach any conclusions regarding their presence there. Atop this stratum is another wall, of different construction and orientation. It seems that this one is related to the old cheese diary.
The scope of the investigation at this area is to reveal the walls of the structures at the west side of Rooms 13-15 (Ceramics Workshop), as indicated by the geomagnetic prospection. We decided to initially excavate two trenches. The first one, 3.5 X 3m. at the west side of Room 13 and the second, 6 X 1.5m. across the west wall of Rooms 14-15. In Trench 1, we revealed several Minoan period artifacts, including innumerable sherds of handle-less conical cups along with two intact cups, a very usual type of Minoan pottery. Along with these small finds, we also unearthed several coarse sherds from pithoi, jars, and other vessels of medium and large size, and also handles and many sherds of cooking pots. Trench 2 is more problematic, since an old maple tree growing at the middle of it has destroyed the stratigraphy. The first layers from both trenches were removed, and as a result we now have a clear picture of the large slabs that comprised the walls of the neighboring buildings. These stones have been thoroughly documented with photographs and drawings, so we can approximately reconstruct the walls at a later stage. It is expected that during the next week we will reveal the first wall of the structure revealed from the geomagnetic prospection.