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July 2003-July 2010InteractiveDig Sagalassos
Shops in the northeast corner of the Upper Agora
Room 2 with its basin in the foreground

Photos courtesy Sagalassos Archaeological Research Project. Click on images to enlarge.
by Marc Waelkens

The Upper Agora: August 24-30, 2003

During the last week of excavations, Peter Talloen and Ine Jacobs (both K.U. Leuven) removed several layers in room 2 in the row of (work)shops against the Upper Agora's northeast gate.

Layer 4, probably deposit of occupational debris, was mixed with remains of mortar, tiles, and stones. Ceramic finds included a foot-shaped oil lamp dating to the sixth century A.D. We encountered several concentrations of material near the room's south and west walls , one inside a basin-like structure. A water pipe was exposed inside the basin, and flotation indicated that it contained eggshells, seashells, and lentils. Another feature proved to be rich in bone material, especially horns. We also uncovered a wall of rubble stones blocking the doorway in the southern arcaded wall separating the back rooms from the portico (see August 17-23). This was possibly built towards the abandonment of the site during the seventh century.

Layer 5 contained tuffo blocks, tiles, stones, and plenty of artifacts. Among the metal finds were a ring and a large knife. Since this layer covered the water pipe coming out of the basin against the south wall, and mortar was found on top of it in the room's northwest corner, it may have served as a walking level.

Layer 6 was compact and mixed with small pieces of mortar and charcoal. In the eastern part of the room, this layer covered a line of stones, tuffo blocks, and tiles. We found large sherds, including sherds from storage vessels known as dolia, and bone fragments. Several worn coins dated between the fourth and sixth centuries, and ceramics from the layer can be attributed to the seventh century. This layer is probably a deposit of occupational debris on floor level.

Although none of the rooms could be fully excavated, this season provided more information on the processing of food and the Upper Agora's occupational history.

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